Yorkshire Marriage Bonds and Allegations Index 1639 – 1839
Origins Network is offering family historians free access to their Yorkshire Marriage Bonds and Allegations Index 1639 – 1839 until mid-day (UK time) October 8th. To get free access you will have to register with Origins Network, then you can use the search engine to find entries.
I did a search for a John Roberts and got the following result from the index.
|Year||Groom Surname||Groom First name||Groom County||Bride Surname||Bride First Name||Bride County|
Once an entry of interest is found you are can click on a “Details Only” box on the right of the entry. This then gives you the following information
If you want to receive a copy of the original document then you can click on the “Add to Cart” button and it will add the document to your shopping cart. The price per document which will be sent by post is £7. The original documents are held at the Borthwick Institute.
What Are Marriage Bonds and Allegations?
There could be a number of reasons why a couple would decide to buy a marriage licence and not to opt for marriage banns to be read. The main reasons are likely to be …..
Wish to marry in haste, groom may be leaving for overseas service in military
Marriage may be viewed harshly by society, pregnant bride, women marrying a much younger man, difference in social standing
Either the bride or the groom lived in another parish or were of a religion other than Church of England
The process of marrying without banns being read generated three documents. The first is an Allegation, a sworn statement made that both parties were free to marry, the second a Bond was lodged in the form of a contract usually signed by the groom or a family member which promised to pay a fine if it was found that either party wasn’t legally allowed to marry. The amount of the fine was usually quite a large sum so this was not entered into lightly. The final document was the licence itself which was given to the bondsman who in turn handed it to the clergyman who was to conduct the ceremony. The licences could be issued by a number of church authorities.
What is the Coverage of the Origins Network Yorkshire Marriage Bonds and Allegations Index?
The Origins Network Index is to the Dean and Chapter of York’s Marriage Bonds and Allegations, it comprises of 150,000+ marriage licences from 1613 to 1839. Apart from the Diocese and the Archbishop’s peculiar jurisdiction of Hexhamshire in Northumberland, the index also includes parishes in Durham, Lancashire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire. The original documents are held at the Borthwick Institute.