Commission into Children’s Employment 1842

Commission into Children’s Employment 1842<p><!   Google Ads Injected by Adsense Explosion 1.1.5   ><div class=adsxpls id=adsxpls2 style=padding:7px; display: block; margin left: auto; margin right: auto; text align: center;><!   AdSense Plugin Explosion num: 1   ><script type=text/javascript><!  

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<script type=text/javascript src=http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show ads.js></script></div></p>We can’t imagine allowing our children to work down mines, but in early Victorian England that was what was happening and the outcome was a report entitled Commission into Children’s Employment 1842.

In 1840 the government set up a Royal Commission into child labour and the conditions that children found themselves working in. It took two years before a report into conditions in mines was published, followed later by reports on children working in trades and factories.

The commissioners spoke not only to employers, but also to the children themselves asking what their working lives were like and came up with a series of measures to protect the children whilst still allowing them to continue to be part of the work force. The morality of all of this is a whole subject on it’s own, but what concerns us as genealogists is that Ancestry has put online an indexed copy of the commissions report.

The indexing has been completed by a team of volunteers who give their time freely to make the Commission into Children’s Employment 1842 easily accessible to genealogists via the Ancestry World Archives Scheme. Anyone can join in and even if you have only a few minutes to spare. More details are available on the Ancestry website.

Back to the Commission into Children’s Employment 1842 report. You can search the index by first and last names and also put in keywords. The children, also some parents were asked a series of questions and the report noted the following

  • name
  • age
  • type of work
  • working conditions
  • hours worked
  • pay
  • whether they go to school
  • housing
  • what they ate at home

An interesting dataset that is a glimpse into the working lives of our child ancestors.

www.ancestry.co.uk

Genealogy Education

Genealogy Education<p><!   Google Ads Injected by Adsense Explosion 1.1.5   ><div class=adsxpls id=adsxpls3 style=padding:7px; display: block; margin left: auto; margin right: auto; text align: center;><!   AdSense Plugin Explosion num: 2   ><script type=text/javascript><!  

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<script type=text/javascript src=http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show ads.js></script></div></p>I’m a great believer in life-long learning especially where genealogy is concerned. When I am teaching I recommend that my students read a family history beginners book every year as there is always something new to learn or be reminded of. Ancestry has released a video in which Crista Cowan shares how you can access books, seminars,conferences and websites to help you increase your genealogy knowledge.

http://www.youtube.com/

Latest Ancestry Video

This latest video from Ancestry has the well known genealogist, Crista Cowan taking viewers “Beyond The Shaky Leaf”. Many genealogists will be familiar with the little green leaves that shake at you from the online Ancestry family trees, but what do they mean and how can they add to your research? Crista answers these questions and offers advice on making the most of the  hints that the green leaves represent.

www.ancestry.co.uk

Canada 1921 Census

Canada 1921 Census

Ancestry has added the1921 census for Canada to it’s Canadian and Worldwide Collection. Many people emigrated from the British Isles to Canada in search of a better life and more opportunities to further themselves. Some came back, but many stayed so it is always a good idea to run family names through the Canadian Collection to see if anyone familiar shows up. In fact the population of Canada rose by 1,581,840 between the 1911 and the 1921 census so all those people belong on someone’s family tree !

Fully indexed the census is easy to search, simply put in family names and press “search”. The information collected by the Canadian authorities was much more extensive than the English census so many details of the person can be discovered.

Well worth running family names through, enjoy this more recent census.

www.Ancestry.com

 

WW2 Civilian Deaths 1939 – 1945

The latest press release from Ancestry.co.uk…….

WW2 Civilian Deaths 1939   1945

Ahead of Remembrance Day, Ancestry.co.uk, the UK’s favourite family history website, has today launched online the UK, WWII Civilian Deaths, 1939-1945 collection, listing the thousands of British citizens killed on the ‘Home Front’ during the Second World War.

The records, originally compiled by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, list almost 60,000 members of the British Commonwealth and Empire who were killed as a result of enemy action whilst going about their everyday lives or while at their posts as members of the Civil Defence Services.

The majority of the names listed were civilians killed in the aerial bombings by the German Luftwaffe (air force) as it attempted to bring Britain to its knees. These attacks on British cities, which took place from September 1940 to May 1941 are known collectively as The Blitz and led to around 40,000 deaths.

Nearly half of those killed in The Blitz (17,500) were Londoners, but several other cities were also badly hit, with Liverpool next worst off in terms of civilian deaths (2,677) followed by Birmingham, Bristol, Hull, Plymouth, Coventry, Portsmouth, Belfast and Glasgow.

Among the 59,418 names listed in the records is James Isbister, considered the first civilian casualty of WWII on home soil. He was killed in March 1940, when German bombers attacking Scapa Flow Naval Base, Orkney, jettisoned their remaining bombs over civilian territory as they fled back to Germany.

Hundreds of British civilians lost their lives before this point, most commonly in sea disasters when civilian ships hit military mines during the early months of the war. As the war progressed deaths at sea became all the more common, with thousands lost, as Germany used submarines to sink merchant ships in an attempt to restrict supplies to Britain.

More than 2,300 Civil Defence Service members also gave their lives whilst on duty, including air raid wardens, home guard, and members of theWW2 Civilian Deaths 1939   1945 Women’s Voluntary Services.

One of the most notable names in the collection is actor and star of Gone With The Wind, Leslie Howard. He was killed in 1943 when the civilian airliner he was travelling in to Bristol was shot down. Historians have since suggested that the Luftwaffe may have attacked the non-military plane because German Intelligence believed Prime Minister Winston Churchill to be on board.

Before the war it was feared a sustained campaign of aerial bombings would lead to more than 600,000 deaths and as a result the 1937 Air Raid Precautions Act forced local councils to make provisions for defence. These varied from a widespread imposed blackout of all lighting from public and commercial buildings to the construction of bomb shelters and provision of gas masks.

The government also implemented widespread evacuation of major cities, with Operation Pied Piper responsible for the relocation of more than 3.5 million people – mainly urban children moved to safer homes in rural areas.

Several other famous names of the day can also be found within the digital records, including:

  • Albert Dolphin – Dolphin was working as an emergency hospital porter at what is today

  • New Cross Hospital London when a bomb hit the kitchens of the building. A true Home Front hero, Albert rushed to the aid of a nurse trapped in wreckage and protected her as a damaged wall gave way. He was killed saving her life and was posthumously awarded the George Cross for his bravery.
  • James Baldwin-Webb MP – Baldwin-Webb, MP for The Wrekin in Shropshire and one of the most famous civilians of the day, was lost at sea. In September 1940, whilst travelling to Canada to fundraise for the Ambulance Corps, his liner SS City of Benares was torpedoed by a German submarine. He stayed aboard the ship to assist women and children onto lifeboats before going down with the ship.
  • Arthur Bacon – Bacon was a popular footballer, playing as a striker at Reading, Chesterfield and Coventry City – scoring 71 goals between 1923 and 1935. After his footballing career he served as a Special Constable in Derby where he was killed in 1942 (aged 37) during an air raid.

Miriam Silverman, UK Content Manager, from Ancestry.co.uk comments: “As we approach Remembrance Sunday, it’s important to not only remember those heroes who served and died in conflict but the thousands of ordinary people who lost their lives in Britain and the Commonwealth whilst battling to keep the country running at a very difficult time.

“This collection gives people the chance to find out about any Home Front heroes that might be in their family tree, and adds to the millions of military records available on Ancestry.co.uk from the past 100 years and more.”

Ancestry.co.uk is providing free access to 3.6 million military records between 8th and 12th November, including WWI Service Records 1914 – 1920, WWII Army Roll of Honour 1939 – 1945, Navy Medal and Roll Awards 1793 – 1972 and Victoria Cross Medals 1857 – 2007. To search for the war heroes in your family tree, visit www.ancestry.co.uk/start_military