Ancestry.co.uk has extended the coverage of the National Probate Calendar to a much wider time period. It did start at 1860 and someone at Ancestry must have heard me wondering why it didn’t start at 1858 when the calendar started because that is now where the coverage starts and it ends in 1966 which is a year before my grandfather died. I would have liked to added the reference into his record, never mind I am very happy to have the new time period to work with and I’m glad that Ancestry seem to be able to read my mind……. now what else shall I think I might like them to put online !!
Ancestry has just put online Middlesex Convict Transportation Contracts, 1682-1787. Transportation was a punishment for convicted criminals in England and other parts of the British Empire, came about in the seventeenth century. At first transportation was primarily to America and the Caribbean. However, transportation to America stopped with the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1776 and a new penal colony in Australia was developed. Transportation was formally abolished in 1868, but had not been practiced for nearly a decade before that.
This is a collection of Middlesex Quarter Sessions Court orders for convicts to be transferred to British Colonies. Specifically the convicts were transferred to America, the Caribbean, or, in later years, Australia. Information available in these contracts includes:
- Convict Name
- Ship Name
- Captain Name
- Transfer Dates
These records can be used to help find court records relating to the original conviction. Search the records for the Middlesex Quarter Sessions Court for more information.
Great news that Ancestry now has the complete 1911 census indexed, it still has the final column that asks about infirmities covered, but no doubt that will be revealed in due course.
The 1911 is important, as all the census are, but especially so as not many years afterwards WW1 started and many of the young men recorded on this census went off to fight the war to end all wars. What a wonderful concept that was and it must have been a great rallying cry for recruitment. We all know that it didn’t work out like that, but as I work through the census adding the information to my genealogy I shall give a special thought to those of my ancestors who didn’t return for the fields of France.
Ancestry.co.uk have just put up a link to their new addition of West Yorkshire non-conformist records. They date from 1646 to 1985 so a very long time period. Discover Quakers, Methodists, Baptists and more in baptism, marriage and burial registers from a variety of nonconformist faiths.
Now they are up and running and it seems they are “London and Surrey, England, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921” so there is lots more than just Surrey marriages. A very long time span and a very important set of documents. Isn’t it lovely to have the London Metropolitan Archives at home !!
Below is a description of what marriage bonds & allegations are, this is taken from the Ancestry site.
This database contains marriage allegations and bonds created by individuals applying for marriage licenses in parishes in the Diocese of Winchester (Surrey) and the Diocese of London, England.
Before civil registration began in 1837, most people in England during the timespan of these records married by banns or by license, as required by law. The process of requesting a license included providing a written allegation stating a couple’s intent to marry and asserting that there were no legal obstacles to the marriage. From 1604 until 1823, the allegation was made sure by bond. Two witnesses, one of them typically the groom, swore to the bond, which would be forfeit if the claims of the allegation proved false and a legal impediment to the marriage, such as consanguinity, arose.
Marriage allegations and bonds often exist where licenses don’t because, while the license was given to a member of the wedding party to present to the officiant at the ceremony, the allegation stayed with the authority who issued it.
What Is in the Records
This database contains marriage allegations and bonds from parishes in the Diocese of Winchester (Surrey) and the Diocese of London. Marriage allegations typically listed the following details:
- groom (name, age, marital status, occupation, parish)
- bride (name, age, marital status, parish)
- parish where the marriage was to take place
Minors might list father, mother, or guardian. Ages sometimes indicated only that the party was 21 or older.